sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a group of diseases caused by an infectious microbe and transmitted to humans mainly through sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal and oral sex. Some diseases in this group can be transmitted through donating or drawing blood, through injections in drug addicts, through kissing, using the same container, using the same towel, hugging, during birth and breastfeeding. The disease is transmitted by an infectious microbe. Due to their anatomical structure, women contract diseases more easily than men. Since the disease is generally insidious, it can be difficult to diagnose.

Some of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The most common ones are as follows:

HIV virus can be transmitted through any unprotected sexual intercourse. It manifests itself with infections and tumors by weakening the immune system. When the AIDS virus progresses and becomes incurable, it causes the patient’s death within 2 years. With the drug treatments developed today, these deaths have been significantly prevented. Apart from unprotected intercourse, HIV virus can also be transmitted through blood and direct transmission from mother to child.

Symptoms of HIV

AIDS disease occurs depending on the person’s body resistance. In fact, this period may take many years.

deep weakness
unexplained weight loss
Fever, chills and night sweats
White spots in the mouth
breathing difficulties
Pink spots that start to appear on the body

To Protect From HIV Virus

It is absolutely necessary to be protected during sexual intercourse.
Care should be taken to ensure that an AIDS test has been performed before blood transfusion.
Used and undisinfected syringes and surgical instruments, manicure-pedicure instruments, dental instruments and scissors should not be allowed.
Individuals with HIV should never donate blood

It is a virus that can cause liver inflammation and cirrhosis. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus. When this virus settles in the liver and multiplies, it destroys the liver and poses a serious risk. In Turkey, 1 in every 3 people encounters Hepatitis B virus. The disease, which usually does not show any symptoms, can be revealed in health screenings. The incubation period is between 2-6 months.

How is it transmitted?

Hepatitis B virus is transmitted through blood and sexual intercourse. It can be transmitted even through blood coming into contact with a small wound on the skin. This virus can also be transmitted from the carrier mother to her baby.

Risk Groups

Children born to mothers with hepatitis B
Those who have sexual intercourse with more than one person
People using blood products
hemodialysis patients
Health personnel


extreme fatigue
Darkening of urine color
Loss of appetite
Stomach ache
Tenderness in the liver area
Joint pain

Syphilis is caused by the microorganism called Troponema pallidum.

This disease, known since ancient times, can be seen in many parts of the body.

How is it transmitted?

Syphilis is most often transmitted through sexual intercourse. As a result of contact with the genital area, germs are transmitted from the wound on the body.

Oral and anal sex are the most important factors in the transmission of the disease. In rare cases, it can also be transmitted by kissing.

It is very likely that a mother with syphilis will give birth to a stillborn baby. The disease can also be transmitted when the blood of someone with syphilis comes into contact with someone else’s wound.


In stage 1, bacteria spread throughout the body through the blood. After 3 months, the patient experiences joint pain and rashes on his body. Loss of appetite occurs. The wounds in the genital area and lips disappear after 2 weeks.

If left untreated in the second stage, the microbe spreads throughout the body. Hair loss becomes evident. This period of the disease lasts more than 1 year.
Brownish redness begins to appear on the skin.

At the end of all these stages, if the microbe is still in the body, it can take up to 10 years. The disease is not contagious.

The disease can also damage internal organs such as the brain, heart, vessels, liver, and joints. Therefore, early diagnosis is very important.

The most important measures to protect against the disease are the use of condoms and monogamy.

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus. There are two types of the virus.


The symptoms of Genital Herpes cannot be observed, and in some cases they are very mild symptoms.

Slightly painful blisters around the genital area and anus

Along with these symptoms, symptoms such as fever, headache and cold are also observed.

Herpes occurs in the genital area after a period of about 2 weeks after infection with the virus.

How is Genital Herpes Transmitted?

Transmission of this virus occurs through oral or vaginal sexual intercourse. It is usually observed as herpes on the tongue and lips.
In case of contact in these areas, the disease is transmitted.

Is There a Treatment?

There is no permanent cure for Genital Herpes. The use of antiviral medication can prevent herpes from occurring to some extent.
Although condom use reduces the transmission of the disease to a certain extent, genital herpes can also be seen in areas not covered with condoms.

To Protect From Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Use condom during sexual intercourse
Having multiple partners increases the risk of contracting the disease
If you need to receive a blood transfusion, make sure you have been tested appropriately.
Do not use needles and syringes used by others
If you are pregnant, have the necessary tests done completely.