Today, there are many reflections of developing medical technologies. Advances in medical technologies have a positive and alternative impact on both diagnosis and treatment processes and operational techniques. One of the reflections of this situation is closed surgeries, also known as laparoscopic techniques.
Gynecological operations, like many other areas, can be performed with both open and closed techniques. Hysterectomy is among the gynecological operations that can be performed with the closed technique, that is, the laparoscopic method. Hysterectomy can be defined in the most general way as an operation to remove the uterus. Although hysterectomy is a treatment method that can be preferred to eliminate many different health problems and complaints, in some cases it may be a necessity rather than a choice. With this operation, women are prevented from menstruating and the continuity of their reproductive functions.
When to Perform Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Surgery?
As just mentioned, hysterectomy may come to the fore for different reasons. Hysterectomy may be necessary in cases such as long-term pelvic pain, development of non-cancerous tumors, very painful and heavy menstrual periods, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, uterine cancer, cancer formation in the fallopian tubes.
How is Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Done?
Laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery is performed under general anesthesia. As in other gynecological surgeries performed with the closed technique, 2-3 holes measuring 5-10 millimeters are made in the abdominal wall. These holes are laparoscopic hysterectomy trocar entry sites. Then, the inside of the abdomen is reached with a special camera with a light at the end. Then, other surgical instruments that need to be used during the operation are passed through the other holes and the operation is completed. If necessary, it is possible to remove the fallopian tubes and ovaries during laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery. Patient-specific approach is also of decisive importance during closed hysterectomy surgery.
How Many Hours Does Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Surgery Take?
Although the duration of closed hysterectomy may vary from patient to patient and depending on the reproductive organs to be removed, it is completed in approximately 1 to 2 hours. After the operation is completed, the patient is taken to his room and usually needs to stay in the hospital for 1-2 days. General health checks are then performed and if deemed appropriate, the patient is discharged.
Recovery Process After Closed Hysterectomy Surgery
The recovery process after laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery may take up to a week or two. Although the recovery process after the operation performed with the closed technique is quite comfortable, approximately 3-6 weeks must be waited before returning to daily life and work. However, it should not be forgotten that the healing process of each patient may be different, and the extent to which the recommendations of specialist physicians are followed have a determining effect on the healing process. Patients should not do high-tempo, heavy exercises until they are fully recovered.
What are the Advantages of Laparoscopic Hysterectomy?
When hysterectomy surgery is performed with a closed technique, patients recover faster compared to open surgery. Since no significant incisions are made, the risk of infection is minimized, the duration of hospital stay is reduced, and the pain likely to be encountered during the recovery period is less severe. Although laparoscopic hysterectomy is increasingly preferred with these advantages, the important thing is to choose the right technique and the right patient simultaneously. Of course, physician expertise is also of critical importance at this point. Laparoscopic hysterectomy is essentially surgical, so the fact that it may have certain risks should not be ignored.